Why does it happen?
Trafficking in human beings is a high profit–low risk crime based upon the principles of supply and demand. Criminal networks or individuals take advantage of a series of what are known as ‘Push and Pull’ factors, which explain why vulnerable individuals who lack opportunities and seek better living conditions in their own or a foreign country, end up being part of a human trafficking chain. This, in combination with the demand for cheap labour and sexual services, fuels human trafficking.
- Lack of opportunities or alternatives such as little or no education, unemployment or low wage employment
- Gender based discrimination including domestic violence
- All forms of discrimination and marginalisation
- Life with dysfunctional families
- Economic imbalance between impoverished and wealthy countries/areas
- Impact of political instability and corruption, conflict or transition of countries, especially war.
- Expectation of employment and (higher) financial reward
- Improved social position and treatment
- Access to material benefits associated with “the West”
- Demand for cheap labour, provision of sexual services, organs and tissues.
Where does it happen?
Trafficking is happening worldwide and it exists in Ireland also. People can be trafficked into different types of work including...
- restaurant and hotel work
- domestic work
- other forms of commercial sexual exploitation
- forced begging
- forced criminality, including the cultivation of illegal drugs