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Anti Human Trafficking Unit
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Labour Exploitation (forced labour)

People who have been trafficked for labour exploitation are usually made to work in areas such as agriculture, construction, entertainment, service industry, manufacturing, such as sweatshops and work in a private home in poor conditions (domestic servitude).

  • They work too many long hours.
  • They are forced to do dangerous work.
  • They have low or no salary.
  • They have no access to the money earned.
  • They depend on your employer for things like work, food, transport and accommodation.
  • They are made to pay for tools, food or accommodation and have these costs taken from your wages.
  • They have no tax or PRSI contributions and no access to social supports.
  • They have no contract of employment.
  • They are working without the employment documents required for workers from their country.
  • They have their rights in relation to pay and conditions of employment infringed.
  • They have no choice of accommodation offered to them.
  • They live with the family employing them.
  • They live in groups in the same place where they work, and don’t leave that place very often.
  • They have no privacy, sleeping in shared and over-crowded spaces.
  • They live in unsuitable places, such as in agricultural or industrial buildings like sheds or warehouses.
  • They never or rarely leave the house or work place without their employer.
  • They are not able to move freely.
  • Security measures are in place to keep them at the work place, for example locked doors and windows.
  • Their social activities and movements are controlled by their employer.
  • They are given only leftover food to eat.
  • They are disciplined through fines and threats.
  • They are insulted, abused or threatened or suffer violence.
  • They don’t have basic training and professional licences.
  • They work in dangerous conditions, in places with no health and safety notices and or poor quality equipment.
  • They are not dressed properly for the work they do, for example they don’t have protective equipment or warm clothes.
  • Equipment is designed or changed so that children can use it.


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